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Collapse : how societies choose to fail or succeed
Jared Diamond
Adult Nonfiction HN13 .D5 2005

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From Publishers' Weekly:

In his Pulitzer Prize-winning bestseller Guns, Germs, and Steel, geographer Diamond laid out a grand view of the organic roots of human civilizations in flora, fauna, climate and geology. That vision takes on apocalyptic overtones in this fascinating comparative study of societies that have, sometimes fatally, undermined their own ecological foundations. Diamond examines storied examples of human economic and social collapse, and even extinction, including Easter Island, classical Mayan civilization and the Greenland Norse. He explores patterns of population growth, overfarming, overgrazing and overhunting, often abetted by drought, cold, rigid social mores and warfare, that lead inexorably to vicious circles of deforestation, erosion and starvation prompted by the disappearance of plant and animal food sources. Extending his treatment to contemporary environmental trouble spots, from Montana to China to Australia, he finds today's global, technologically advanced civilization very far from solving the problems that plagued primitive, isolated communities in the remote past. At times Diamond comes close to a counsel of despair when contemplating the environmental havoc engulfing our rapidly industrializing planet, but he holds out hope at examples of sustainability from highland New Guinea's age-old but highly diverse and efficient agriculture to Japan's rigorous program of forest protection and, less convincingly, in recent green consumerism initiatives. Diamond is a brilliant expositor of everything from anthropology to zoology, providing a lucid background of scientific lore to support a stimulating, incisive historical account of these many declines and falls. Readers will find his book an enthralling, and disturbing, reminder of the indissoluble links that bind humans to nature. Photos. Agents, John Brockman and Katinka Matson. (Jan.) Forecast: With a 12-city author tour and a 200,000-copy first printing, this BOMC main selection and History Book Club featured alternate is poised to compete with its ground-breaking predecessor. (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved

From Library Journal:

In his Pulitzer Prize-winning Guns, Germs, and Steel, Diamond (geography, Univ. of California) examined the factors that led to the predominance of Western civilizations; his stunning new book studies why some societies collapse while others succeed. Serving as the basis for his examination is a comparative analysis of societies that failed-Easter Island, the Anasazi and Maya, and a Viking colony in Greenland. Diamond also uses Japan and Iceland as examples of societies that achieved success against the same environmental, cultural, and political odds. He notes that these same threats, along with the introduction of additional human-made pressures, endanger the modern world. As the next collapse could be global rather than regional in scope, Diamond argues that globalization offers the single most compelling reason to make smart choices about the environment that we all share. While there is much to lament, the final pages detail the reasons for hope and the importance of making the right decisions earlier rather than later. One of the essential books of the new year, this is highly recommended for all collections. [See Prepub Alert, LJ 9/15/04.]-Gloria Maxwell, Penn Valley Community Coll. Lib., Kansas City, MO (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

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