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Segregated skies : all-Black combat squadrons of WW II
Sandler, Stanley
Adult Nonfiction D790.S26 1992

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From Publishers' Weekly:

Sandler chronicles the pioneering efforts of the all-black 332nd Fighter Group and the 477th Medium Bomber Group during WW II, emphasizing how painfuly aware the pilots and ground crew were of having to ``prove'' themselves as no white squadron had to. For example, Air Corps chief Gen. Henry Arnold resented their presence in his service: ``The Negro tires easily,'' he wrote in a notorious memo. In a postwar evaluation, the Air Force concluded that the 332nd was a mediocre outfit, ``not worth the time and effort''; but Sandler ( The Emergence of the Modern Capital Ship ) argues that the record demonstrates that it was a ``good to average'' group whose efficiency was warped by the demands of racial segregation. The unit's war record was unique in one respect: in its hundreds of escort missions, the 332nd did not lose a single bomber to enemy aircraft. The 477th never saw action. Drawn from interviews and offical documents, this important history reveals how the wartime experience of a relative handful of black pilots and crewmen opened the way for racial integration of the armed forces within five years after the end of the war. Photos. (June) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved

From Library Journal:

Military historian Sandler ( The Emergence of the Modern Capital Ship , Univ. of Delaware Pr., 1979) portrays a two-front war--against racism at home and the enemy abroad--as he details the World War II experiences of blacks in the three fighter groups that shattered the U.S. Army Air Corps' all-white policy. He begins with the government's 1940 decision to develop ``colored personnel for the aviation service'' by training them in isolation outside Tuskegee, Alabama, and concludes with descriptions of combat in North Africa and southern Europe, highlighting whites' stubborn resistance and blacks' determination to succeed against the odds. This book complements Richard M. Delfiume's Desegregation of the U.S. Armed Forces, 1939-1953 ( LJ 7/69) and Phillip McGuire's He, Too, Spoke for Democracy: Judge Hastie, World War II, and the Black Soldier (Greenwood, 1988). For military, aviation, and African American collections.-- Thomas J. Davis, Univ. at Buffalo, N.Y. (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

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