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Nazis on the run : how Hitler's henchmen fled justice
Gerald Steinacher
Adult Nonfiction DD256.5 .S75213 2011

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From Publishers' Weekly:

After the defeat of the Third Reich, hundreds of Nazi war criminals-most famously Adolf Eichmann and Josef Mengele-escaped capture, in many cases by going to Latin America. Based on extensive research on newly opened archives, historian Steinacher documents four surprising institutions that aided them in this process: the International Committee of the Red Cross, which freely issued travel documents based on the testimony of two witnesses identifying the Nazi escapees; the Catholic Church, particularly the Vatican Relief Committee and individual priests more interested in fighting communism and gaining new adherents; the U.S., who employed former SS men as anticommunist agents; and finally, Argentina, led by dictator Juan Peron, which admitted ex-Nazis, particularly those with military ties, in an effort to quickly modernize the country. Peron even declared an amnesty for those who had entered the country illegally. Steinacher, a research fellow at Harvard and lecturer on contemporary history at the University of Innsbruck (Austria), generally tells this story clearly and the depth of his research is impressive. Too many individual stories are related too briefly, though, and he gives too much bureaucratic detail. But this is still a fine contribution to the post-history of Nazism, particularly as it was influenced by the early cold war. 16 pages of b&w photos. (June) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.

From Library Journal:

Steinacher (Joseph A. Schumpeter Research Fellow, Ctr. for European Studies, Harvard) has meticulously researched how so many Nazi war criminals were able to escape justice after World War II. While its title may lead some readers to expect a dashing adventure tale of espionage and escape, this book is really about the bureaucratic chaos that paralyzed the Allied governments in the early postwar period. By pouring over newly released archives, Steinacher shows how the International Red Cross, the Vatican, and Western intelligence agencies preoccupied with the Cold War against the Soviet Union were all complicit in the escape of key Nazi criminals. Often this assistance was given unintentionally, but the chaos that followed World War II made the escapes almost inevitable. The millions of displaced without documentation made it easy for thousands of war criminals to disappear. VERDICT This book will be the standard for generations of historians who wish to study the fate of Hitler's followers who evaded justice for decades or escaped it altogether. Recommended.-Michael Farrell, Reformed Theological Seminary Lib., Oviedo, FL (c) Copyright 2011. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

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